Via Regia cultural road to Europe
(Caroline FISCHER Presentation)
Going back 2000 years back, the Via Regia is part of a network of communication routes where cross Roman roads and local roads.
Roman roads were traced artificially, from a rational plan, as straight as possible to enable to expand the Roman Empire and the passage of troops. But traffic patterns corresponding to the needs of peoples create east-west routes, forming the axis of the Via Regia.
Regardless of Roman ways, other channels are created, for example, in Northern Spain, to connect major cities together.
The Viking, installed in the East, progressing westward.
The addition of these small paths form the Via Regia which forms a corridor obeying a logic geographic line between the ice in the north and the south line of the mountains.
She went to Saint Jacques de Compostela in Kiev.
The essential foundations of Via Regia based on four sectors:
- the migration
At crossroads of Roman roads and Via Regia create large cities are organizing large fairs: Frankfurt, Leipzig (see map showing Roncesvalles axis, Bordeaux, Poitiers, Orléans, Paris, Reims, Metz, Strasbourg, eastbound) .Suivant the needs of trade, branches operate bonds, for example with Belgium or Ukraine to Poland for trade in cattle.
In 500, the Franks conquered Thuringia episode marked by the removal of Radegonde. Europe must face two attacks coming from both ends of the Via Regia: the South, the Arabs (stopped at Poitiers) to the east, that of the Mongols In 1231, the Mongols reach Europe Kiev and ravaged.
After the discovery of the tomb of Saint-Jacques in the ninth century, the Via Regia also becomes pilgrimage route.
Via Regia is a population movement corridor. In the nineteenth century, railway lines will borrow the same route, and later motorways.
In 1945, the division of Europe into two blocks intersect the Via Regia, which will be forgotten.
Renaissance Via Regia
After the fall of the Soviet Union and the return to national borders, projects are born to redevelop the Via Regia.
The various segments of the Via Regia form like links in a chain and change their name depending on the country they cross (black road in Kiev, road Krakow Royal Route, Imperial Highway), the Royal Way symbolizing the path excellence.
Each section has been highlighted in each initiative (hiking path, instead of art exhibition, historical, cultural, like Mozart road). This network was accredited by the Council of Europe and has 20 cultural routes with potential for tourism-economic development.